Some questions we are often asked:
A. A verruca is caused by a wart virus & usually appears as a small lump on the skin. Usually it won’t hurt when you press it but you may feel a sharp pricking sensation when you squeeze it. A verruca is not usually found over a pressure area, e.g. on a joint, but they can occur anywhere on the foot. Verrucae will usually go away on their own but this may take a long time & unless causing pain or disability don’t usually need treatment. Read our blog post on Verrucae or download a fact sheet here: Verrucae
A. A corn is a concentrated build up of hard skin over a prominent joint or a pressure area. It doesn’t have a ‘root’ but has a central area of deep hard tissue which is what makes a corn so painful. They are caused by friction, &/or pressure, from poorly fitting or unsuitable footwear or by abnormal foot function, which results in uneven distribution of pressure within the foot. Corns can be removed but will always come back unless the pressure is relieved. Sometimes just a change of footwear is all that is needed or insoles/orthotics may be prescribed to realign the foot & redistribute pressure. Keeping your skin moisturised will also help to prevent corns. Footwear leaflet here: Footwear
A. Heel pain can be caused by a variety of things: a sudden increase in activity/weight, a change of footwear, repetitive strain injury, poor foot mechanics, a fracture, etc. Heel pain that is worse in the morning & gets better during the day is probably Plantar Fascitis, this is a condition where the large band of tissue supporting the arch of the foot becomes inflamed, a proper assessment is necessary to determine the exact nature of the pain, & treatment may consist of a combination of some or all of the following; stretches, ice packs, strapping, insoles & orthotics.
Download a heel pain leaflet here: Heel Pain
A. An ingrowing nail is where a small spike of nail has penetrated the skin at the side of the nail. Often it won’t be painful unless the toe is knocked or stepped on & therefore treatment is often delayed until the toe becomes red, swollen, & infected. It is better to seek treatment at the earliest sign of a problem as ingrowing nails can be very difficult to treat conservatively once established. Sometimes minor surgery under local anaesthetic is necessary. For more information see here: Ingrowing Toenail
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